Revised Apocrypha


These Books form part of the sacred literature of the Alexandria Jews, and with the exception of the Second Book of Esdras are found interspersed with the Hebrew Scriptures in the ancient copies of the Septuagint, or Greek Version of the Old Testament. They are the product of the era subsequent to the Captivity; having their origin partly in Babylonia, partly in Palestine and Egypt and perhaps other countries.

Most of them belong to the last three centuries B.C., when prophecy, oracles, and direct revelation had ceased. Some of them form an historical link between the Old and New Testament, others have a linguistic value in connection with the Hellenistic phraseology of the latter. The narratives of the Apocrypha are partly historical records, and partly allegorical. The religious poetry is to a large extent a paraphrase upon the Poetical and Prophetical Books of the Hebrew Canon.

The following apocryphal books are included:

  • 1 Esdras (1Es)
  • 2 Esdras (2Es)
  • Tobit (Tob)
  • Judith (Jdt)
  • Rest of Esther (Est)
  • Wisdom of Solomon (Wis)
  • Ecclesiasticus (Ecc)
  • Baruch, with the Epistle of Jeremiah (Bar)
  • Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Holy Children (Aza)
  • History of Susanna (Sus)
  • Bel and the Dragon (Bel)
  • Prayer of Manasses (Man)
  • 1 Maccabees (1Ma)
  • 2 Maccabees (2Ma)
  • 3 Maccabees (3Ma)
  • 4 Maccabees (4Ma)
  • Psalm 151 (2Ps)


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    Larry Pierce

    Importantia beveelt het volgende aan

    Youngs Literal Translation
    Edition 1862
    Young, Robert
    A Literal Translation of the Bible
    1890 OT / 1884 NT
    Darby, John Nelson